Mechanism of Oxidative Stress from Low Levels of Carbon Monoxide

Research Report 80,

Dr. Thom and Dr. Ischiropoulos at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center examined the effects of low concentrations of carbon monoxide on platelets and cells isolated from blood vessels. The investigators exposed blood platelets (taken from rats) and endothelial cells (isolated from bovine blood vessels) to varying concentrations of carbon monoxide and measured how much nitric oxide was released. To determine if exposure to carbon monoxide causes endothelial cells to produce peroxynitrite, the investigators looked for markers of its presence in the culture medium and in the cells. They also exposed rats to carbon monoxide by inhalation, isolated platelets from the rats' blood, and measured how much nitric oxide was released.