April 29, 2018 to May 1, 2018
The 2018 HEI Annual Conference was held in Chicago, Illinois, from April 29-May 1, 2018.
The scientific program can be found below. Sunday morning featured a pre-conference workshop on Causal Modeling in Air Pollution Research and Policy. Presentations are available for download with permission from the speakers.
Pre-Conference Workshop: Causal Modeling in Air Pollution Research and PolicyApr. 29, 2018 - 9:00am
Chairs: Francesca Dominici, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and HEI Research Committee, and Katherine Walker, Health Effects Institute
Recent years have seen a growing interest in the application of modeling methods to systematically explore causal relationships between air pollution and health. This session will bring together experts in causal modeling to introduce different methods, provide critical perspectives on their potential contributions and limitations, and discuss their interpretation within the broader context of how to understand whether an exposure is or is not causing effects. Open to all conference attendees.
9:00 AM Opening Remarks / Objectives
9:10 AM The Many Paths to Causality
9:35 AM Predicting and Evaluating Changes in Health Risks Caused by Changes in Air Pollution
10:00 AM Approaches to Causal Inference in Observational Studies in Medical Decision Making
10:25 AM Break
10:45 AM Panel Discussion
11:30 AM Lunch
Ozone: Global Pollutant, Personal EffectsApr. 29, 2018 - 1:00pm
Chairs: Dan Greenbaum, Health Effects Institute, and Jana Milford, University of Colorado–Boulder and HEI Review Committee
Ozone is a secondary pollutant that is regulated through the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), which are reviewed every five years; the next ozone review is due to start soon. This session will discuss challenges in controlling ozone levels, including atmospheric transport across continents and climate change, and the current science-based evidence that will contribute to the ozone health assessment. The session will end with a discussion of challenges facing those who must work to implement the ozone NAAQS.
1:00 PM Welcome and Introduction
1:10 PM Global Dimensions to Regional Air Quality: Transboundary Transport and Climate Change
1:50 PM Recent Studies That Will Contribute to the Ozone Health Assessment and the Setting of the Standard
1:50 PM Introduction
Jana B. Milford
, University of Colorado–Boulder
2:00 PM Link Between Ozone and Health: Epidemiologic Evidence
2:30 PM Break
2:50 PM Link Between Ozone and Health: Clinical Studies
3:20 PM Panel Discussion: How Does Scientific Knowledge and Uncertainty Inform Attainment Efforts at Ground Level?
3:40 PM General Discussion
Presentation of Student and Postdoc Travel AwardsApr. 29, 2018 - 3:55pm
Speaker: Dan Greenbaum, Health Effects Institute
3:55 PM Award Presentation
Poster Session 1Apr. 29, 2018 - 4:15pm
Opening Reception, Dinner, and Keynote SpeakerApr. 29, 2018 - 6:00pm
Speaker: Venkat Sumantran, Chairman, Celeris Technologies; coauthor of Faster, Smarter, Greener: The Future of the Car and Urban Mobility
Health Effects of Traffic-Related Air Pollution: Assessing the Evidence in an Evolving and Complex WorldApr. 30, 2018 - 8:30am
Chairs: Francesco Forastiere, Lazio Regional Health Service, Italy, and Fred Lurmann, Sonoma Technology, Inc.
This session will discuss important factors related to the design and interpretation of health studies of traffic-related air pollution. It is intended to aid the scope of a new systematic review to assess health effects of such air pollution, which will update HEI’s 2010 literature review. The session will also introduce the Traffic Review Panel, as well as announce new HEI studies that will assess the health effects of traffic-related air pollution while taking into account other factors such as noise, socioeconomic status, and green space.
8:30 AM Introduction of Panel Members for the New Review of the Traffic and Health Literature
8:40 AM Traffic-Related Air Pollution: A Moving Target
9:10 AM Important Knowledge Gaps in Studying Health Effects of Traffic Exposure
9:30 AM Comments from Stakeholders and General Discussion
, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
, California Air Resources Board
10:10 AM The New HEI Traffic and Health Studies
, Health Effects Institute
10:15 AM Break
Air Pollution and Diabetes: What Is the Evidence?Apr. 30, 2018 - 10:45am
Chairs: Barbara Hoffmann, University of Düsseldorf, Germany; and Ivan Rusyn, Texas A&M University, both of the HEI Research Committee
Diabetes and obesity, as well as air pollution, are known risk factors in the development of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Air pollution is associated with development of diabetes in adults, and there is some evidence that early-life exposure in children may be associated with diabetes later in life. This session will discuss the evidence, who is most susceptible, and what mechanisms are behind these observations.
10:45 AM Brief Introduction to the Session
, Texas A&M University
10:50 AM Overview of Evidence of a Link Between Air Pollution and Diabetes
, University of Düsseldorf, Germany and HEI Research Committee
11:10 AM Mechanistic Insights into Air Pollution and Type 2 Diabetes
11:30 AM Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution and Type 2 Diabetes in Adults
11:50 AM Early-Life Exposure to Air Pollution and Diabetes in Childhood
12:10 PM General Discussion
12:30 PM Lunch
Poster Session 2Apr. 30, 2018 - 1:30pm
Can We Rely on Environmental Health Research?Apr. 30, 2018 - 3:15pm
Chairs: Amy Herring, Duke University and HEI Research Committee; and Kiros Berhane, University of Southern California and HEI Review Committee
Awareness has grown during the last decade that many scientific studies have not been reproduced and the problem seems to be particularly widespread in certain fields. Environmental standards are health based and there have been long-standing debates about replicability and reproducibility of the studies underpinning regulations (including data access, quality, and analyses), though arguably the recent debate has given this issue greater visibility. Reproducibility has been the focus of several recent debates in scientific journals and also is reflected in congressional efforts at transparency. This session will describe the background on this issue, different perspectives on it, and approaches to addressing it.
3:15 PM Reproducibility and Replicability: Definitions and What They Imply
3:45 PM Choices and Consequences: Study Design, Data Analysis, Reporting, Interpretation
Amy H. Herring
, Duke University
4:15 PM Reproducibility and Air Pollution Epidemiology
Free EveningApr. 30, 2018 - 5:15pm
Advancing Air Quality, Global Health, and Energy Science at HEIMay. 1, 2018 - 8:30am
Research Committee Chair David Eaton, University of Washington–Seattle, and Review Committee Chair James Merchant, University of Iowa, will introduce the two committees and preside over a presentation of HEI’s research program, which includes traffic-related air pollution, low levels of exposure, accountability, and mechanisms of effect, as well as the expanding Global Health Program. Energy Research Committee Chair George Hornberger, Vanderbilt University, will join them to present HEI’s Energy Research Program, focused on the potential for human exposure and health effects from the development of oil and natural gas from unconventional resources.
8:30 AM PART I: PROGRESS ON AIR QUALITY AND GLOBAL HEALTH SCIENCE
8:30 AM Introduction of New Chair of the Research Committee
8:40 AM Introduction to Core Research and Review Committees
8:55 AM Presentation of 2017 Walter A. Rosenblith New Investigator Awards
9:05 AM Core Science Program: Traffic-Related Air Pollution, Low Levels of Exposure, Accountability, and Mechanisms
9:25 AM Global Health Program: GBD MAPS, Household Air Pollution, and Ports
9:50 AM PART II: LAUNCHING THE HEI ENERGY RESEARCH PROGRAM AND INITIAL FINDINGS
9:50 AM Introduction to the Energy Research Committee and the Program
10:05 AM Progress on Systematic Review of the Human Health Literature Related to Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas Development
, Health Effects Institute
10:25 AM Plans for Exposure Literature Review and Research Planning
Donna J. Vorhees
, Health Effects Institute
The Power of Place: Pathways to Healthy Urban LivingMay. 1, 2018 - 11:15am
Chairs: David Foster, University of Wisconsin–Madison and HEI Research Committee; and Frank Kelly, King's College London, United Kingdom, and HEI Review Committee
More than half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas, and this number is expected to increase because of continuing population growth and urbanization. Air pollution and noise, along with interrelated factors such as physical inactivity, lack of green space, stress, and socioeconomic deprivation, are associated with adverse health. This session will explore how integrated urban design, transport planning, and new mobility and transportation technologies can improve city residents’ health and reshape cities in the future.
11:15 AM KEYNOTE SPEAKER: Health of Urban Populations
12:00 PM Lunch
1:00 PM Interrelationships Between Urban Green Space, Air Pollution, and Health
1:30 PM Healthy Urban Living: Urban Design, Transport Planning, and Travel Choice
2:15 PM General Discussion
Conference AdjournsMay. 1, 2018 - 2:30pm
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