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11-1 Health Outcomes Research – Assessing the Health Outcomes of Air Quality Actions

Status: 
Not Active
Number: 
RFA 11-1

RFA 11-1 solicits applications for studies designed to assess the health effects of actions to improve air quality and to develop methods required for, and specifically suited to, conducting such research. Preference will be given to (1) studies that evaluate regulatory and other actions at the national or regional level implemented over multiple years; (2) studies that evaluate complex sets of actions targeted at improving air quality in large urban areas and major ports with well documented air quality problems and programs to address them; and (3) studies that develop methods to support such health outcomes research.
Winter 2011 RFA booklet

How to Apply

This RFA is closed.

Ongoing studies funded under this RFA

University of California, Los Angeles

The investigators are evaluating the effects on air quality and health associated with the CARB’s Emission Reduction Plan for Ports and Goods Movement. They are examining the changes in criteria and hazardous air pollutants and characterize health outcomes (costs, ER visits and hospitalization for asthma) among Medicaid beneficiaries.

Status: 
Ongoing
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Georgia Institute of Technology

This study is assessing the effect of major stationary source and mobile source control programs on emissions and air quality in the Southeast U.S., using detailed emissions and air pollution measurements and modeling combined with time-series analyses of cardiovascular and respiratory emergency department visits and hospital admissions.

Status: 
In review
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Publications from this RFA

Research Report 187
Corwin M. Zigler
Chanmin Kim
Christine Choirat
John Barrett Hansen
Yun Wang
Lauren Hund
Jonathan Samet
Gary King
Francesca Dominici
May 2016

HEI Research Report 187 was funded as part of HEI’s Accountability research program, aimed at understanding whether actions to improve air quality have resulted in improved health outcomes. Corwin M. Zigler and his colleagues used existing and newly developed statistical methods to assess whether an intervention was causally related to changes in pollutant levels or health outcomes, and applied their methods in two well-developed case studies: effects of air quality interventions to reduce PM10 concentrations in nonattainment areas and the impact of installation of scrubber technologies on emissions from coal-fired power plants.

Research Report 190
Frank Gilliland
Edward L Avol
Rob McConnell
Kiros T Berhane
W James Gauderman
Fred W Lurmann
Robert Urman
Roger Chang
Edward B Rappaport
Stephen Howland
January 2017

Research Report 190 describes a study by Frank Gilliland and colleagues that was funded under HEI’s Accountability research program. The investigators collected air quality data and lung function and respiratory symptoms in three cohorts of children who participated in the Children’s Health Study in Southern California. During the 20-year study period, nearly 20 major policy actions were implemented to reduce pollution from transportation and other sources. Gilliland and colleagues evaluated whether the improved air quality was associated with improved lung function and respiratory symptoms in these children.