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Health Effects Institute
2016 Annual Conference


May 1-3, 2016

The Brown Palace Hotel
Denver, Colorado


 
NEW Speaker presentations are now available. Please scroll down and click on the speaker's name to download the file. All files are less than 10 MB.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Conference Program         
[Printable Version
PDF] [Program Book with Poster AbstractsPDF]
[HEI Publications related to sessionsPDF]

 
Sunday May 1, 2016 (updated 4/26/16)
 
9-11 am Pre-Conference Workshop "Demystifying Causal Inference in Air Pollution Epidemiology"
Leaders: Corwin Zigler and Francesca Dominici, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Causal modeling techniques have been proposed as alternatives to conventional epidemiological methods for making inferences about the relationships between air pollution exposures and public health outcomes. This workshop aims to provide attendees with a basic introduction to causal modeling methods and, drawing on details from recent HEI-funded research, with useful insights into the conceptual benefits and practical challenges in their application and interpretation. The pre-conference workshop is open to all conference attendees. Workshop materials.pdf
 
1 pm The Heat is On: Climate, Air Pollution, and Health
Chairs: Warren Washington, National Center for Atmospheric Research and HEI Board of Directors, and Jana Milford, University of Colorado–Boulder and HEI Review Committee
Air pollution and climate are intricately linked. Changes in global climate may alter temperature, precipitation, wildfire, and dust storm patterns, all of which may affect air pollution and public health. Correspondingly, air pollutant levels may affect climate. Regulations aimed at reducing specific air pollutants could either work in concert with or counteract efforts to reduce potential climate-forcing agents. This session will explore recent developments in climate research, including health effects from heat, droughts, and forest fires, and how air pollution and climate interact.
 
  1:00 Introduction
Warren Washingtonpdf
  1:15 Modeling Climate and Air Quality
Christine Wiedinmyerpdf, National Center for Atmospheric Research
  1:45 U.S. Global Change Research Program on Climate Change and Human Health
Allison Crimminspdf, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  2:15 Health Effects of Temperature and Its Interaction with Air Pollution: Methodological Issues and Preliminary Results from a Multicountry Study
Antonio Gasparrinipdf, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
  2:45 Implications of Climate Change for Pollen and Allergic Diseases
Kate Weinbergerpdf, Brown University
  3:15 Conclusions
Jana Milford
  3:25 General Discussion
   
4 pm Poster Session I
 
6 pm Opening Reception and Dinner
 
8 pm Keynote Speaker
  Christopher Murraypdf, Director, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington–Seattle
 
Monday May 2, 2016
 
8:30 am HEI Update
Chairs: David Eaton, University of Washington–Seattle and Chair of the HEI Research Committee, and James Merchant, University of Iowa and Chair of the HEI Review Committee
HEI will present progress of its research programs and publications. Highlights will include updates of HEI’s recent work on diesel exhaust and plans for new research on 21st century oil and gas development. We will also introduce the recipient of the 2015 Walter A. Rosenblith New Investigator Award.
     
  8:30 Introduction of the Committees
David Eaton and James Merchantpdf
  8:45 Presentation of the 2015 Walter A. Rosenblith Award
David Eaton
  8:50 Upcoming Scientific Activities at HEI
Rashid Shaikhpdf, Health Effects Institute
  9:00 HEI’s 21st Century Oil and Natural Gas Development Project
Donna Vorheespdf, Health Effects Institute
  9:20 Progress on Diesel — and Looking Ahead
Daniel Greenbaumpdf, Health Effects Institute
  9:40 Discussion
     
10:30 am How Low Should We Go? New Research on Low-level Air Pollution
Chairs: Amy Herring, University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill and HEI Research Committee, and Roger Peng, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and HEI Review Committee
Although levels are declining in high-income regions, epidemiological studies continue to report associations of air pollution with adverse health effects in the general population even at levels below current air quality standards, providing a continuing impetus for lower standards. This session will review those epidemiological studies, highlight HEI’s new efforts on this topic, and discuss critical study design considerations and challenges that the studies will need to confront.
 
  10:30 Overview of RFA 14-3: assessing health effects of low levels of air pollution
Jonathan Sametpdf, University of Southern California
  10:40 New HEI studies assessing health effects of low levels of air pollution
Hanna Boogaardpdf, Health Effects Institute
  10:50 What do policy makers and risk assessors need to know about adverse air pollution effects at low levels?
Bryan Hubbellpdf, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  11:05 The current knowledge on adverse effects of low-level air pollution
Antonella Zanobettipdf, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
  11:30 Critical methodologic issues in planning for studies assessing low levels of air pollution
Arden Popepdf, Brigham Young University
  11:55 Panel Discussion
Panelists: Mark Utellpdf, University of Rochester, Jonathan Samet, Bryan Hubbell, Antonella Zanobetti, Arden Pope
 
1:45 pm Poster Session II
 
3:15 pm The Global Burden of Disease from Air Pollution and Its Major Sources
Chairs: Michal Krzyzanowski, King's College, London, and Terry Keating, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013 study estimated that exposure to fine particulate air pollution contributed to some 2.9 million premature deaths in 2013, with nearly two-thirds of those deaths occurring in China, India, and other developing Asian countries. This session will present the most recent estimates of the burden due to air pollution in 2013 and trends from 1990 to 2013, and new estimates of current and future projected burden of disease from coal-burning and other major sources in China and India from HEI’s GBD MAPS project.
 
  3:15 Introduction
Michal Krzyzanowski and Terry Keating
  3:25 The Global Burden of Disease Due to Air Pollution and Its Major Sources: Estimates from the GBD 2013 Study
Aaron Cohenpdf, Health Effects Institute
  3:45 Estimates of Emissions and PM2.5 Levels from Major Air Pollution Sources in China
Ma Qiaopdf, Tsinghua University, China
  4:05 Estimates of Emissions and PM2.5 Levels from Major Air Pollution Sources in India
Sarath Guttikundapdf, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India
  4:25 Current and Future Burden of Disease from Major Air Pollution Sources in China and India
Michael Brauerpdf, University of British Columbia, Canada
  4:45 Panel and General Discussion
Panelists: Jonathan Samet, University of Southern California, and Kalpana Balakrishnan, Sri Ramachandra University, India
 
5:30 pm Free evening
 
 
Tuesday, May 3, 2016
 
8:30 am Ozone and Cardiovascular Effects: Where is "MOSES" Leading Us?
Chairs: David Christiani, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health and HEI Research Committee, and Lianne Sheppard, University of Washington–Seattle and HEI Review Committee
Many areas struggle to meet the ozone standard, and changing climate and emissions profiles for ozone precursors paint a complicated picture. HEI recently completed the Multicenter Ozone Study in Elderly Subjects (MOSES) of cardiovascular effects at low exposures of ozone. We will discuss the science behind the 2015 ozone regulations in the United States and the current knowledge base linking ozone to cardiovascular and respiratory effects, based on the results of MOSES and other human clinical studies. The session will conclude with comments from the MOSES Review Panel and the public.
 
  8:30 Introduction
David Christianipdf, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
  8:40 The Science Behind the Recent Ozone Standards
Molini Patelpdf, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  9:10 Cardiovascular Effects of Ozone: Evidence from Clinical Studies
Nicholas Millspdf, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  9:40 Break
  10:10 Cardiovascular Effects at Low Ozone Levels: Results of the MOSES Study
John Balmespdf, University of California–San Francisco
  10:50 Review Panel Response on MOSES Results and Interpretation
James Merchantpdf, University of Iowa
  11:00 General Discussion
 
12:30 pm Traffic and Health: Air Pollution, Noise, and Interactions with Socio-Economic Status
Chairs: Barbara Hoffmann, University of Düsseldorf, Germany, and Jeffrey Brook, Environment Canada; both on HEI Research Committee
This session will explore important factors related to the design and interpretation of health studies of traffic-related air pollution. It is intended to build on the findings of HEI’s previous work and to lay the groundwork for upcoming deliberations on research needs in this area. Speakers will discuss differences in traffic and vehicle mixes around the world, and the complex interactions between socioeconomic status (SES) and traffic noise in health studies of traffic-related air pollution.
 
  12:30 Motor Vehicle Emissions: World-Wide Achievements and Challenges for Exposure Assessment
Michael Walshpdf, International Council on Clean Transportation
  1:00 The Complex Interactions Between SES and Traffic-Related Air Pollution Effects
Marie O’Neillpdf, University of Michigan
  1:30 Is It Traffic-Related Air Pollution or Traffic Noise, or Both?
Barbara Hoffmannpdf
  2:00 Key Policy Questions on Traffic and Health
Chad Baileypdf, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  2:15 General Discussion
 
2:30 pm Conference Adjourns
 
 
 
Contact Information

Robert Shavers
Health Effects Institute
75 Federal Street, Suite 1400
Boston, MA 02110-1817, USA
(Note HEI's new address as of March 21, 2016)
Telephone: +1-617-488-2308
Fax: +1-617-488-2335
E-mail: rshavers@healtheffects.org


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Last updated May 25, 2016